What is chess?
Chess is a board game that is played on 8×8 black-and-white squares. Each player controls an “army” of pieces and makes every other move. When it is a players turn, you have to move a piece. Moving means that a piece is moved from one square to another.
Det spelas av två spelare som har varsin egen “armé” som består av pjäser att styra. Spelarna gör vartannat drag och man måste göra ett drag när man är på tur. Att

What is it about?

Sure, just like in other games or sports, the game is about winning. And the winner is the player who first put the opponent’s king checkmate. What checkmate means we will explain shortly.

A long chess game, where neither player wins quickly, is usually divided into three phases: the Opening, the Middlegame and the Endgame. In order to win, you need to get out your pieces to good squares as well as possible (The Opening). If one player succeeds better than the opponent with this, we usually say that this player has an advantage. This player can now try to win one or more pieces, or even to make an attempt to checkmate his or her opponent. When most of the pieces have been exchanged or taken away from the game, we refer this phase of the game as the Endgame.

Get to know the chess pieces

All pieces can move in different ways. How the difference pieces are moving is essential to learn. It might be a bit awkward in the beginning, but you will learn pretty fast from a few trial games, and then you are on your way to becoming a chess master!


There are also some special moves that are important to know. One of them is “castling” and another one is “en passant”. There is also a system for counting the value of each piece, and adding all pieces together will tell which player has the best material on the board.

How to win

Yes, but how do you win then you may ask…?

There are several ways to win in chess. For beginners this happens normally for the player who puts the opponent “checkmate”. Checkmate is the player whose king is checked and can not move to any adjacent square or cannot bring any piece in between to stop the checkmate. A king is checked whenever an opponent’s piece is threatening to take the king. When the king is in check, either the king has to move to a square that is not controlled by any of the opponents pieces or a piece has to put between the king and the opponents piece.

On the left-hand side there is also a checkmate position. As you can see the black king is being checked by the of the white bishop and the king can not escape to any other square without still being checked. So once again, checkmate!


Game Notation

When you read a chess book you need to know how to read a game. When playing a tournament with long games, it is also necessary to write down the moves.

It is also good practice to play through the game again after you have finished playing a game. You should get help from an older or more experience player to figure out where you did wrong and learn from this in your future games.

Each square on the chessboard has its own name. The columns are represented by a letter and the rows are represented by a digit (see the illustration).

You combine the column’s letter with the row’s digit to get the specific square name. Thus the names of the squares are “a1”, “a2”, …, “a8”, “b1”, “b2”, …, and ending with “h8”.

You refer a move by “playing piece X moved to the square Y”. You use the first letter of the piece followed by name of the square that the piece is being moved to. for example, “Bishop goes to a6” is noted as “Ba6”.

A few winning tips

Chess is a game that requires both strategic thinking and tactical understanding. Each player controls over an “army” of 16 pieces and a normal game consists of three game phases:

The Opening: Here, players strive to develop their pieces and position them so that they are as well prepared as possible for the upcoming clash.

The Middlegame begins when the Opening development is complete and the players start to maneuver their pieces to attack the opponent’s pieces, or to defend and correct weaknesses in their own position.

The Endgame is the final phase of the game where most pieces have been taken or exchanged from the board. During the Opening and Middlegame, the king needs to be protected as well as possible. In the Endgame however, the king usually can take part in an attack. Sometimes this can be crucial in order to win a game.

Throughout the game, the players often exchange pieces on the board. This means that one of the players takes a piece from the opponent, and the opponent player takes back an equivalent piece.

Sometimes a player can “sacrifice” materials (a pawn or a piece) in order to achieve an advantage in the position. This is done by taking an opponents piece that is worth less than the sacrificed piece. The most common place for a sacrifice is in front of the opponent’s king, which could give a decisive outcome of the game.

Chess Openings
Select a Chess Opening

The opening, the beginning of the game. is very important in chess. A good way to handle the Opening is to stick with a well-known opening that you have memorized. In doing so you would run a very small risk in losing at an early stage of the game.

The Chess Clock
The Chess Clock

När man spelar i turneringar och tävlar i schack så använder man en schackklocka. Detta görs för att spelarna skall få lika mycket tid och för att inte partiet skall kunna hålla på hur länge som helst.

When playing online, for instance ICC, Chess.com or Chess24, a chess clock is being used. You can choose both short and long games. You can play both computers and other chess players. When playing online, the clock is handled automatically and nothing you need to think about other than making sure you are not losing on time!

Above you can see a chess clock. Both players have their own small clock which is showing the current, remaining time. Above the clock you will find two buttons. These buttons work roughly like a teeter. When one of the players press the button, the opponents time will start ticking and the other way around. After each move, each player has to press the button in order to trigger the other player’s time countdown.

Chess Clock Rules:

  • You need to use the same hand on the button as you used when moving the piece.
  • Black chooses which side of the board the clock is going to be placed.

Junior training on Wednesdays (18-20) and Thursdays (18.15-20.15)

Olle Persson is our main teacher for our youth players on Wednesdays. Other teachers are Roger Magnusson och Verona Semcesen who patiently will help any beginner to get started with the game!

Olle emphasises a lot on the social aspects during the trainings. At each occasion, there will be a long break where the children and teenagers will have the chance to spend time with each other or play other games.

On Thursdays 18.15-20.15 there is a junior training with a focus on our more experienced juniors, teacher Daniel Lundqvist and the training can be followed here.

In the long run a chess club is more than just a number of competititve players, but also friends that share friendship and joy over the years. In case you are not becoming the next Magnus Carlsen, there is still a new world both on and beyond the chess board that is worth exploring.

Increase your playing strength

The more you play, the more your playing strength will improve and you will be able to participate in large tournament. These tournaments will increase your chess knowledge even further and this way you can gradually improve your playing strength!